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The reasons people come into the vets are for preventative care, say vaccinations and parasite control, neutering, that kind of things, preventative-type care. The other reasons would be through injuries or illnesses. The common injuries we get do differ depending on what breed of dog is coming in or what species. If it is a cat, dog, rabbit, reptile, whatever it is, the same things will come in for each of those breeds or species.

With cats, probably the most common thing we see are cat bite abscesses, whether that is on a tail as the cat's been trying to run away, or on ahead if they had been confrontational in their fight. Some of them, people will come in because they are just worried about a lump on the cat or swelling and it will turn out to be an abscess. Other times, the abscess will have already burst and they are just worried that they have got this open wound than on their cat. Some cats will be perfectly fine with those abscesses, some of them will have temperatures, have been off their food, maybe quite uncomfortable because the swelling is very uncomfortable. Actually, when the abscess bursts, a lot of cats then return to normal because they feel much better once the pain is gone.

With dogs, we do not get that kind of thing. They do get into fights, but not the same as cats do. So the injuries we get, the wounds, the tears, the cuts are mostly from doing something by themselves. So out on a walk, on stones. They have been swimming in a river maybe, and they have cut their foot on a piece of glass. That kind of thing is quite common. Foreign bodies are also quite common, so stick injuries, whether that is in a foot or in a mouth, if they had been carrying a stick or catching the stick. Grass seeds, again, over the summer, that is a big problem.

The other injuries we may get could be from road traffic accidents. Again, in cats, they are quite common. We can get fractures, broken pelvises, that kind of thing is not unusual. Tail injuries. So in cats, there is something called a tail pull injury and that is where they had their tail caught where they have been trying to run, continue to run and you get a neurological problem then. And the tail becomes very flaccid, they cannot lift it, they cannot do anything with it. So that can be with a fracture or it can be by itself. Those injuries are fairly common.

The other thing we get a lot of are ear problems, so ear infections, eye infections. Dental disease is a massive problem as well. We believe that at least 50% of animals that come in have got some degree of dental disease, whether it needs treatment or just management changes. But 50% of animals will have some dental disease, so it is very common. We often pick that up at routine appointments. It is not the reason that people will bring their pet in, but if we can pick it up before it causes a problem, then that is where we want to be, to be finding that.

Illnesses, fevers, temperatures can make you feel quite unwell, so they will often present as, "My animal has just been a bit off the last couple of days." We then find out they have a temperature. And in most cases, that is because of some kind of infection. Sometimes you do not manage to find out where the infection is, but you can control the temperature and the infection will sort itself out with antibiotics. Or if it is a viral infection, like a cold, flu-type infection, after a few days of supportive care, they often get much better with that.

Urinary problems, we get quite a lot of. So if an animal is struggling to urinate, or if they have blood in their urine, a different smell to their urine, anything abnormal, then there are various causes for that. Sometimes you can have urine stones that will cause blood. Urine crystals are quite common in cats, they can cause blood in the urine. Urine infections are probably the most common ones you have.

The gastro problems, so vomiting, diarrhoea, liver problems, pancreatitis. They are kind of a group by themselves and they are really common as well. You tend to find, if you see one vomiting dog, you are seeing many, many more that week. They tend to come in little bouts because a lot of these viruses are contagious. So if dogs are mixing in parks and things, they will catch them. So we will see if a week or so lots of vomiting dogs and then the next week, hardly any at all. So yeah, vomiting and diarrhoea is a common illness.

And then are hormonal conditions, we get a lot of as well in... It tends to be in older animals. But there are a lot of endocrine or hormonal problems that animals get, where people will first see symptoms such as weight loss, maybe an increase in appetite, increased thirst, increased urination, lots of those little signs that creep up. And you would not say your dog is particularly unwell, but just things that are not normal for them. So we see a lot of those and that they need a little bit of workup, a little bit of diagnostics doing to try and find out what is going on.